Car Accident Attorney Advice – Tips On What To Do After Your Accident

You are driving along the freeway listening to your favorite CD when all of a sudden it becomes a whiteout. Next thing you know you are being hit and spinning around. When you finally stop, and things become more visible, you realize that another 30 cars are in the same boat. It is hard to determine who hit you or whom you hit. Every year there are pile-ups, and as a car accident attorney, I want to take a second to discuss the complexity of these types of accidents.

The first thing to note is that numerous things can cause a pile-up. Inclement weather, a distracted driver, road construction or several other things can cause these types of accidents. When you see a pile-up on the news, they talk about whether or not anyone was injured and how long the highway will be closed. The one thing they do not get into discussing is who is going to pay for it.

I wish I could give you a concrete answer but I can’t. I will give you some advice about what you should do if you find yourself in the middle of a pile-up. The first thing you need to do is keep quiet. Asking the other drivers if they are okay is normal but do not start chatting about how the accident happened. You do not want to incriminate yourself in any way.

The second thing you need to do is take pictures of your car, the cars around you and any important signs or landmarks. All of these images may come in handy later. You should start gathering the information for the drivers around you. Make sure that you give the police a statement and get any contact information necessary. Lastly, there is one very important step – seek medical attention. If it is not documented, then you are going to have a hard time getting compensation for it.

With pile-ups, it is hard to prove negligence. With that said, there are some cases where it is clear that someone’s negligence caused the accident or at least part of the pile-up. If this were the case, that person would be the defendant against all the other drivers.

If you are involved in a pile-up, you need to contact an experienced car accident attorney. An attorney will make sure that you take the necessary actions after the accident. As far as auto accidents go, a pile-up is the most complex and can be the hardest to prove negligence with.

Why Getting a Round Pedestal Dining Table Is Essential?

Wash basins might not take much space in your house, but they are still an integral part of it. A washbasin is considered to be the focal point of your bathroom. Hence, HyPower Power Pedestal it is imperative to ensure that you buy a beautiful basin for your adobe.

When it comes to choosing the perfect basin, there are numerous options to choose from the counter-top basin, pedestal basin, corner basin, and wall-hung basin. Even though many people love the designs of pedestal basin, they are often reluctant to buy it. This is only because they are not aware of how beautiful their washroom can look because of this type of basin. If you are confused about whether to buy a pedestal basin or not, the five reasons listed below will certainly convince you to buy one.

Reason 1: Space-Savers

Pedestal basins consume less space than counter-top and under-counter basins. Not just physically, these sinks save space visually as well. They will make your bathroom look open and not crowded. This is why it can prove to be a great choice for small bathrooms.

Reason 2: Stylish

These are indeed one of the most stylish bathroom sinks available in the market today. Depending on the designs you choose, these sinks can suit almost any bathroom style. Be it traditional bathroom décor or a modern one; you can get pedestal basin designed to complement it.

Reason 3: Diverse Designs

Pedestal sinks are available in various sizes, shapes, and height. Hence, it won’t be an impossible task to find just the perfect one for your bathroom. Many companies even provide the facility of customization. You have to search for those companies. So, if you like a design, but want it to be a little longer or shorter, then they will do it for you.

Reason 4: Versatility

It is true that pedestal washbasins do not come with a storage space which is considered to be its biggest drawback. However, the best thing is these basins are quite versatile and can be incorporated with a storage cabinet, provided your bathroom has enough space. You can either choose to create a sink-height cabinet or narrow shelves to pair with your pedestal sink. When chosen wisely, the storage unit and basin will complement each other thereby enhancing the décor of your bathroom.

Reason 5: Hides the Plumbing

These sinks add a certain elegance to the bathroom, and one of the major reasons behind this is that they conceal the plumbing. Also, they do not have any structural requirements as far as plumbing is concerned.

One of the best things about pedestal basins is that they are ideal for any establishment, be it a hotel, restaurant, home, backyard, etc. They will not only suit your establishment but will also contribute to the décor. So, if you are thinking to buy a new basis for your house, you must undoubtedly explore the wide variety of pedestal washbasins available online.

First Class Drop Shipping Learning Experience

Initially, joining an industry sector that I knew nothing about was very scary for me. I was caught up in a retrenchment scheme in my previous job and unfortunately lost my career in an instance. I was not prepared for the aftermath and it took me over two months to decide what to do with my life in regards to a source of income. Having been in the sales and marketing arena, I had learned a thing or two about making money through selling different products. With this in mind, I decided to venture into E-commerce through Shopify. At first, I was so confused over how to run the whole business. My previous job did not require me to ship for items and carry out any form of purchases. In this new set up, I was literally in charge of everything. From sourcing suppliers to making sure shipping occurs with the least possible amount of hiccups. In the end, I had to seek out help through a Drop shipping Course in Singapore. Everything has been moving on swiftly since then. I did not only receive information that was beneficial on their platform but also learnt a lot the E-commerce landscape. With this course, the results are guaranteed to showcase itself.

Introduction to Shopify

Everything about this introduction worked well with my little knowledge on E-commerce. I am a very keen learner and it did not take me very long to understand what was being taught. However, I noticed that the trainees were very specific in their delivery mode. Every session allowed room for interaction with the trainers and essentially peaked the confidence of participants.

The Drop Shipping Concept

So what exactly is drop shipping? That is something i always wonder.

Considering my background, I have never really had the desire to look out for different shipping methods. In fact, drop shipping is a whole new concept for me. It was hence a delight to get to learn more about this concept. In fact, the lessons largely revolved around making drop shipping easier to carry out. In this regard, Shopify have their own backend of the drop shipping where one can set up payments, checkouts and actual shipping at the click of a button. This means, reduced paperwork and extreme efficiency.

Further, Drop shipping can actually be carried out through the use of the plugin, Oberlo. This automates the whole process and lets your business run without unnecessary hitches.

What to take Home

Course was organized by Conversion Hub an Internet Marketing Agency in Singapore

The ultimate value of any training is pegged on the learner. From my perspective, Shopify’s training course definitely has a great return in value for money and time. It offers great insights for not only seasoned E-commerce business people but also doesn’t neglect new comers. This aspect is probably one that sets it apart greatly.

Also, the training guarantees a host of post-training benefits which are a definite must haves. For starters, after the training, you are guaranteed a 1-month free access to a digital resource vault with over 40 E-learning courses, a certificate of completion and a free refresher course.

How else can you measure the value of your money than through actual results? Ever since the training, I can confidently say that I am better versed in E-commerce and my drive to learn new things in this sector has increased. I am no longer scared of what lies before me.

Multiple sclerosis stem cell treatment for a brilliant life and stress-free nights

Multiple sclerosis is also known as MS, as the shortest form. This is a demilitarization disease that covers the brain part and spine nervous cell insulating coils. The reason is still unclear and the underlying mechanism is due to the failure of the immune system. Even sometimes for myelin-producing cells. Symptoms of this disease include eye problems, aches, and persecution, pain and spamming, weakness or fatigue, balance problems or dizziness, bladder problems, sexual problems, cognitive problems. Although most people in MS do live very normal, it can be difficult for doctors to determine whether their condition may worsen or improve, because the disease is different from the person. In most cases, MS is not in a deadly state. Also, in most reconstruction-seekers, the diagnosis is fairly straightforward and based on the treatment of this disease, and confirmed by the brain’s imaging scan as MRI. The brain MRI is often used to help diagnose multiple sclerosis, but it cannot be cured. For a patient, it will take several scleroses for healing. Multiple sclerosis stem cell treatment can be helpful for this disease.

When the problem of this disease occurs, Multiple sclerosis stem cell treatment of therapies balances almost all of the difficulties and the problem of adjustment is reduced. It improves the strength of the hardness and weakness muscles. Stem cell treatment control blurred vision, dual vision, optical neuritis, or improves and improves rapid and unintended eye movement. Improve the conflict and improve sexual tension. If a person completes Multiple sclerosis stem cell treatment, it will help to improve the patient’s living conditions, improve their normal health. This multiple sclerosis stem cell treatment also works to prevent other complications of humans. It refreshes the nervous system to get optimal effectiveness and to regain neurasthenic muscle cell regeneration. It also controls short-term memory, focusing and logic problems.

Stem cells can be found in both embryos and adults. Stem cell treatment can be very helpful and beneficial. This method will help to get multiple Sclerosis healing. This will help to work alongside events and work. The walk will improve and eyesight will solve problems, doubling vision problems. Moreover, after receiving treatment through this procedure, it will provide energy and energy to the affected body. With the help of multiple sclerosis stem cells treatment will help to complete the entire package of this treatment and to help gradually improve.

Multiple sclerosis stem cell treatment is safe and has no side effects. As this will be done with the own body cells and this approach makes this free of any side effects. Most patients do not feel any improvement in stem cell treatment for at least 3 weeks and possibly 6-8 weeks. Once they feel better, they will look to improve for more than six months. Also, when they complete the treatment package they are going to be progressively resolved. This stem cell treatment will improve the complexity and patients will get stress free night and brilliant life. This treatment is not for a lifetime, but the results obtained in the stem cell treatment can last for long and without body damage.

The Truth About How To Get Help to Pay For A Lawyer

If you need a lawyer, chances are that you are already in a desperate situation. That problem become worse if you do not have the money for a lawyer. You are already stressed enough without worrying about paying for a lawyer. How do you pay for a lawyer with no money? According to US News and World Report, there are some ways to find legal help without paying for lawyer fees. After you have exhausted all other options and representing yourself is not going to work, then what? You may want to consider obtaining a loan to pay a lawyer.

Can I Get a Loan to Pay a Lawyer?

It is possible to get a loan when you need money quickly to pay for a lawyer. Those with good credit tend to get approved for loans to pay a lawyer. If you have bad credit, you may still wonder how do you pay for a lawyer with no money? Even though you have bad credit, you can still get a loan but it may be much harder to find. You can get personal loan online quickly. You may be able to find short term loan lenders to pay for a lawyer. You may have to pay a higher interest rate. You may have to pay the loan back much quicker than you would like. One thing to consider when getting a loan is your ability to repay. If getting a loan is going to put you in a worse place financially, you might not want to get a loan. is a great resource to help you determine your budget. This will help you figure out how much money you can afford to pay back.

Pros and Cons of Getting a Loan to Pay for a Lawyer


When thinking about how to get help paying for a lawyer, you have to consider the positives and negatives. Obtaining a loan can relieve some stress because the worry of how do you pay for a lawyer with no money is gone. This can help you fill in the gaps to pay for food, rent, and other bills while waiting for a court settlement.


There are some negatives to consider. You may pay high interest rates for your loan. You could end up paying as much as 50 percent of your loan amount in interest. For example: your loan amount is $30,000 and you pay $15,000 in interest. That does not work in your favor, unless you absolutely need the money right away. You may have to get loan from a short term lender. Often, you must pay back these loans within a short timeframe. Loans to pay for a lawyer have not been around for that long. There is little oversight and regulation when it comes to these types of loans. There are not many rules governing these loans to protect you. As a result, you should read all the documents and fine print associated with any loan you plan to get. Make sure you understand all of the conditions of any loan you obtain. If you do not understand, ask questions.


When determining how do you pay for a lawyer with no money, a loan often seems like a smart move. If you need a lawyer immediately because without a lawyer, you may go to jail than a loan might be right. If obtaining a loan puts you in a bad spot financially, it might not be for you. You must consider all the factors when deciding how do you pay for a lawyer with no money.

Choosing your Next Crossover Vehicle

Finding a crossover that is one of the highest rated in the country can be a bit of a challenge and something that you really need to put a little research into. While there are a ton of these out there, we are only looking at the top ones in each category for 2019. There are a lot of factors that go into the buying of a car and crossover and the better prepared that you are now, then the better your overall results will tend to be. Knowing what makes a great crossover will be one of the biggest factors that you will need to make sure that you keep in mind. The following are a few of the better crossovers that are on the market that you should give a serious look at in 2019.

2019 Subaru Outback

The 2019 Subaru Outback is by far one of the top crossovers to come out in 2019. No matter where your travels take you, be confident that the Outback will more than be able to handle all types of terrain. From the city streets to off the beaten path, there is nowhere that this vehicle can’t go. In all types of weather, the handling of this vehicle is second to none and you will be surprised at how well it can take whatever is thrown at it. While there is a bit of a lag at lower speeds when accelerating, it should be noted that this vehicle in all other regards really performs when it is called upon.

Hyundai Kona

You will be surprised at this vehicle that was introduced in 2018 and still manages to amaze people more than a year later. If you want an SUV without all of the bulk that tends to come along with most vehicles, then this will be a great vehicle for you to have that SUV feel without the huge price tag or the large-sized vehicle body. There are very few things worse that can be said about this SUV, the model has been on the market for more than a year and when it comes to getting the needed horsepower when it matters the most, this is at the top of its class.

Honda Cr-V

The CR-V is one of the best models to come from Honda in a long time. There are a lot of reasons why this is one of the top vehicles that a person will choose when they are looking for a new vehicle. There is a lot of features that make this a top pick for the room, durability as well as performance and safety. The rear backup camera will make sure that you are able to see what is behind you when it is time to hit the road, you will have ample space to stow all of your gear and still have room for all of your passengers.

Mazda Cx-3

Looking for a vehicle that is reliable and able to get you around with little to no trouble, then look no further. This is a vehicle that packs so much into a little vehicle. That is what makes this crossover so clever is that it is bigger on the inside than it is on the outside. When you look at all of the features that this has along with the price, you will think you are dreaming to be able to get so much for such a small price. There are so many features that a person will fall in love with that they are quite honestly too many to count. The ride that you will get from this vehicle is second to none and will give you the best performance of any vehicle out on the market.

No matter your price range or the features that you are looking for, you will be sure to find a vehicle that will be ideal for your travels and help you to tackle the road ahead. Be sure that you research your options and make sure that you understand all the things that will be associated with this decision to make sure you are not making a bad choice for your travels. The 2019 lineup of cars and crossovers are better than ever before.

Living Green in 2019

I’m sure you’ve heard it all before, turn off the sink when you’re brushing your teeth, use paper and not plastic, live green, and go vegan! I know I never cared about any of these things growing up, just like many others. I always had that smug voice in the back of my head telling me that I’m just one person, it doesn’t matter what I do. In reality, every small contribution helps in the grand scheme of things.

A lot of people think that going green or even living green makes them a tree-hugging hippy. That you have to have dreadlocks and wear Birkenstocks to care about the earth or recycling. I’m here today to tell you that it’s simply not true, shocker, right?

You might be reading this thinking; well I’m not going vegan! That’s fine. I wouldn’t give up a juicy steak for avocado toast either, but that’s beside the point. There are tons of small things we do in our day-to-day lives that we can do more “greenly” if you will, to help us live a greener lifestyle.  So, the Earth is dying, what can we do? Here are five tips I’ve put together on quick and easy ways to give back to the Earth and live a little more green.

  1. Recycle more

This seems like common sense, but a lot of people don’t recycle. It’s almost completely free and accessible to pretty much everyone nowadays. Most cities provide free recycling programs that pick up recycled waste and even have plants you can take your recycled goods too. Stores and outlets even have their own dedicated recycling bins next to the garbage can. I couldn’t tell you how many times I’ve seen somebody toss their plastic water bottle in the trash when they have a recycling bin right next to it.

  1. Reduce water consumption

Remember the old saying I mentioned in the beginning? To turn off the sink when you brush your teeth? That bit of advice can save you up to 200 gallons of water per month. You can also moderate the time you wash your hands or the time you’re in the shower which can lead to giant savings, so your wallet and the environment are happy. Even using your dishwasher as opposed to washing dishes by hand can save you up to 16 gallons per load!

  1. Use less paper and plastic

It’s hard to get away from these two, they’re literally everywhere. When the bagger asks you at checkout if plastic is fine, you can also opt to say paper which is a little better on the environment. If you’re a person who uses a lot of paper, try and cut down by using your electronics to take notes or do work on instead of a notebook. Another thing you can do is opt out of paper statements and bills and choose to have them sent electronically.

Pro tip: Get junk mail? No problem, head over to and remove yourself from the junk mail list. You can also remove yourself from the credit card and loan offers list by heading over to

  1. Donate unwanted items

I often fell victim to this as well. I would get a stain on a t-shirt or ruin a pair of shorts while working and often just throw them out. Believe it or not, the saying is true, another man’s trash is another man’s treasure. Donating clothes or any other unwanted items to places like Goodwill or the Salvation Army is one of the easiest things to do. When you donate items, you can often write them off on your taxes as an itemized deduction!

  1. Use energy efficient items

I think just about everyone sees the “energy efficient” logo plastered everywhere, on just about every item. Some of these items actually work and save you money in the process. Your lightbulbs are one of the easiest to switch to save items. A few other good items to consider switching or upgrading to are charging stations and smart power strips. When shopping for new appliances, make sure they are all energy star appliances, and check out the new smart thermostats that hit the market not too long ago. You’ll thank me later.

In the end, I don’t think a lot of these would kill us to practice more, they’re all quick and easy. Trash and waste will never be obsolete, but we can all do our part to try and help out in the process and kill two birds with one stone. Maybe the next time you run to the grocery to pick up your six-pack, tell them to hold the bag or put it in a paper instead of plastic and you can feel even better when you get home and crack open a cold one.

Want to hear more? Come over to WasteBuzz and check out more articles and get the latest news!

First Day of College Essentials

About twenty years ago students could carry everything they needed for the upcoming semester when going to college.  A large backpack would probably contain all the books and other essentials that would be required. This article explains why this would probably not be possible today.

The most obvious reason is the amount of technical equipment most students need. Of course, pens and paper are still needed, but everyone knows they are not enough. Essential stuff for college now includes a notebook computer (with modem or wireless access obviously). In addition, a printer and a scanner are also needed by most students. Advanced cell phones such as the i-phone are helpful additions, but they are not an adequate substitute to these fundamental tools

The student will need books at the core of his studies, as well as online resources. Every year, the diligent student will probably find more and more relevant books. This growing library will have to be shelved and displayed, and perhaps transported from home to college every semester.

Going to college is not just about studying. Sports are a vital part of college life and the right clothing, footwear and equipment is always needed. Then some luxuries, treats and hobbles need to be provided for. The student market is not immune to the increased sophistication of society. The modern scholar will want his or her favorite toiletries, as well as quality foods and snacks.

All this is only about what the student needs for his or her physical and mental wellbeing when going to college. The dorm or hall of residence may provide an adequate level of furniture, but if a student wants stuff for the dorm that is more than basic this will probably have to be bought specially. No wonder purchasing all these college essentials needs extensive local shopping, active mail order and online research to get the best value.

Before you head off to your college orientation activities start with a strategy and get a lay-of-the-land.

Got a Clue About Your “U”?

Think big picture. Think Google Earth or Google Maps. Go get your GPS or go online and have a look where your campus is located. See the city? See your campus? Then zoom in closer and closer.

If need be go to your college website and check for the campus map there. Imagine yourself walking amongst the buildings. The point is, get a feel for the place and its facilities.

  • Know where your dorm is-home sweet home.
  • Recognize building names: specifically the housing, dining, library, student union, health center, sports and fitness facilities, special student services, and the campus security center.
  • Get familiar with the building where classes will be held.
  • Notice the proximity of the buildings, for example, later it will be helpful to realize your dorm is north of the Student Union.
  • Know the administrative departments- you will certainly be spending some time in the Registrars, Bursars, and Academic Programs Offices, just to name a few.
  • Understand bus routes, within the campus if it is large and outside the campus as well.
  • Look big picture again and get a feel for how the campus is situated within the surrounding community.
  • Even if you visited campus already, familiarizing yourself with the big campus picture will go a long way in getting you comfortable with your new home.

Got Emergency Plans?

While looking ahead, to Living the College Life, now is the time to establish some Plan B’s.

  • Do you have an emergency plan established with your family? In case they need to contact you or you them?
  • Have you included all your family and friends in your contact directory-address book and cell phone contacts?
  • Have you included your ICE–In Case of Emergency contact person– in your cell phone directory?
  • If you have any specific medical conditions, do have you the proper medical alert information?
  • Do you have your health insurance ID and Group ID numbers?
  • Have this emergency information ready to go. Your college will be asking for it.

If you are looking for a great variety of high-quality school material such as notebook, pen and a lot more check out

Top Visualization Techniques in Tableau 10 – Course Review

Tableau has always been a very helpful tool that helps professionals deal with heavy data easily. And this is the type of software that can be learnt by any kind of a person. Be it a beginner or a high class professional, everyone can learn tableau skills easily. Here we have a course that will teach a learner the techniques of top visualization in tableau 10. The course is a short and condensed form of such a lengthy course but has all the important terms in it.


This amazing course can and should be taken by all those who wishes to learn top visualization techniques. The course is an opportunity for all those who have prior knowledge of tableau to enhance their career. Even if you are a beginner, taking this course will be a wise choice.

It’s recommended to get certified in Tableau for better career growth. Get Professional Tableau Certification Practice Exam and improve skills before appearing for actual exam.


Let us discuss some of the feedback that our users haven given after completing the course. The feedback can help other users to decide if the course is helpful for them.

Best Ratings – 5 & 4 STAR RATING:

  • The course helped me a lot in understanding difficult concepts.

I was able to learn domain padding and data densification with the help of this course.

  • I got so many great ideas from the course that I can apply to my work.

I am a professional and when I took the course I was able to gather so many ideas from the course that I applied to my existing work and the result was phenomenal.

  • It helped me with my general tableau and visualization skills.

The course is a perfect choice for getting a learner a sense of what tableau and visualization skills are.

  • The overall structure of the course is excellent.

The whole course was amazing and the overall structure of the course is very appealing.

  • The course has taught me so many difficult techniques so easily.

This course has taught me so much and has deepened my knowledge about tableau. Also the techniques that I got to learn from this course were otherwise impossible to learn without proper guidance.

  • The instructor is extremely knowledgeable, engaging and super-responsive.

The instructor had a lot of knowledge and he knew exactly what he’s doing. He had a strong grip over the concepts and his way of teaching was excellent.

  • The instructions given in the course are very clear and can easily be applied in real life.


Average – 3 STAR RATING:

  • The homework exercises were really good but a little open ended.

I was able to solve many exercises on my own but then there were some exercises that were pointless.

  • The start of the course was very difficult to understand but the rest was good and easy.

The starting videos of the course were very difficult to understand and I couldn’t understand anything but then the other part of the course was easy to understand. I wish the whole course would have been easy to understand.

Low = 2 & 1 STAR RATING:

  • Some applications in the course have few explanation.

There are some applications in this course which are discussed in it but not enough explanation is given about them and how we can use it in real life is also a question mark.


Now let us discuss some of the alternatives that can be taken against this course if one feels that he wants something more according to his need.

  • Tableau 10: visual data analysis for data science:

This is a very interesting course and very similar to our main course. It is the best option for all those who wishes to learn tableau 10 from the scratch. The course has amazing videos in it that are explained in an expounded form. It also has a good rating that means that the course has helped a lot of users in enhancing their career in tableau.

  • Mastering tableau 10:

The course has all the basic fundamentals discussed in it very efficiently. The course’s main focus in on Tableau 10 and how a learner can create effective visual designs. The course can be taken by all types of people apart from their experience. The course is suitable for both beginners and professionals.


We can conclude this course by saying that this course has everything that a learner needs to know about tableau 10 and how he can learn visualization techniques. The course has helped so many learners in different ways. It has turned out to be effective for many beginners in starting their career. Also it has helped a lot of professionals in improving their work skills and has enhanced their career.

Solar Homes – How to Choose a Solar Power Company

Solar power is in no way a new technology. In fact, it is the root source of all other power on earth. For example, wind is generated by the atmosphere, land, and water absorbing solar radiation at different rates. Fossil fuels are the remains of ancient living matter and we know that the sun is the beginning of the food chain. It is Solar power company.

What is new within the last two centuries is the concept of directly harnessing the energy from the sun for the production of electricity. The term for this is “photovoltaics,” which combines the Greek root “photo,” meaning light, with “volt,” for electricity.

California, known for its green energy interest and very obliging weather, is at the forefront of many new discoveries and developments in the solar world. Of course, this doesn’t mean this field of science is completely without issue for Californians.

From its inception, photovoltaic viability has been limited by efficiency and cost. In order to understand these problems, it is helpful to first conceptualize how photovoltaic conversion works. Basically, it involves utilizing a material to absorb sunlight and produce an electric charge.

Selenium was the first material found to be photoconductive. The first photovoltaic cells created from this operated at a mere 1% efficiency. While selenium does convert sunlight into an electric current, the bandwidth it reacts to is very narrow. This is the reason why the conversion of the light’s energy to an electric charge is done at such a poor efficiency rate.

Up until the past decade, it was considered more efficient to use the thermal properties of sunlight rather than to harness the photovoltaic properties of different substances. For instance, many power plants exist which operate by focusing sunlight to heat a thermally responsive liquid. This liquid is then used to boil water, which in turn creates steam. The steam then spins a turbine connected to a generator to create electricity.

Thermal energy is hardly the ideal of an efficient system. The elaborate process described illustrates just how inefficient the methods of generating electricity from the sun have been. The fact that photovoltaics were considered even less efficient demonstrates why the area has not historically been as appealing of an option.

Luckily, this field of technology has seen many recent advances. These include the production of integrated film solar cells as well as the discovery of a photovoltaic cell which can capture more than 50% of the sun’s energy. Integrated film cells are less efficient than the iconic silicon crystal arrays that are synonymous with solar power. However, they are extremely inexpensive to make, and would have applications that crystal arrays cannot hope to match. For instance, an integrated film could be put on the exterior siding of buildings to produce electricity without altering the aesthetic properties of the siding. Similar applications would be available for vehicles as well. Imagine every building and car as a miniature solar plant and you can see the appeal.

The opposite end of the efficiency spectrum can be found in new research from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California. They discovered a three layered substance which can capture virtually the entire spectrum of sunlight and convert it into electric power. The laboratory efficiency of this substance has exceeded 50%. Refinement of the capture system and a means of mass production would make solar power the most commercially viable energy source within the next ten to twenty years.

However, most governments are not content to wait on that eventuality. Worldwide, countries are incentivizing all alternative energy sources, solar power in particular. For instance, German law mandates that utility companies buy back solar power from consumers at a fixed rate. The United States has a similar law, but what makes the German law unique is that a consumer can actually profit from the solar power. In the United States, the best outcome that you can achieve is a power bill of $0. The utility does not have to pay you for power in excess of what you use during off times.

Many U.S. tax incentives to install a photovoltaic system for your home or business exist. Perhaps the longest running and most well known example is the California Solar Initiative (CSI). This program pays existing home owners, new home builders, and commercial enterprises for installing solar kits. The incentives are considered necessary because of the high initial cost of a solar array. While an array that runs for 20 years (the engineering standard for solar systems) will end up paying for itself, the high installation cost can be a barrier to many who find them desirable.

Germany leads the world when it comes to photovoltaic installations. This is interesting because the country is well known for its cloudy skies. With that in mind, the fact that other states do not have as mild of weather as California does not cause them a significant disadvantage.

Solar power certainly has a bright future. Between existing research and the new horizons opened by emerging technologies, it has the potential to meet all of our power needs within the lifetime of children born today. This is exciting! The limitations of our world are almost invariably energetic in nature. If energy were not an issue, many other new fields of research would also be open to us.