5 Most Common Infertility Issues in Women – Symptoms & Treatment

You are not alone if you are encountering problems in attempting to get pregnant. Stats reveal startling figures; more than 65 percent of women in the US alone are dealing with the same issue. But, it has to be admitted, those who experience this symptom, find it rather bizarre, and often get into the realms of stress. You might be better prepared if you are familiar with the five most common infertility issues of women, and getting the proper treatment. Without much ado, let us take a look.


Despite trying for a period of six to twelve months, if couples are unable to get pregnant, this should be considered the main sign of infertility. Then again, an abnormally delayed menstrual cycle exceeding 35 days, or an unusually short one less than 21 days, having no periods at all are all indicators of infertility.

Ovulation issues

Ovulation related issues are one of the major causes of infertility in women. A condition called PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) can trigger hormonal imbalances, and it interferes with the regular ovulation. Again, another term, primary ovarian insufficiency or premature ovarian failure can also hamper the regular ovulation. Hyperprolactinemia is another problem when the body produces excessive prolactin hormone that stimulates breast milk, can also disturb ovulation. Finally, thyroid problems have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle


It has become a trend to delay pregnancy. Little do they know, the delay can instigate fertility issues. The best period for conceiving is during the age bracket of 20 to 30; at this juncture, the fertility of a woman is at its peak. Chances of miscarriage are considerably less at an early age in comparison to those trying after the 30s. As women age, the quality and quantity of eggs become severely compromised. Consequently, infertility sets in.


This is a weird condition. The tissue which generally grows in the uterus tends to implant at other locations. When this happens, the issue has to be taken care of surgically. In the removal attempt, the tubes get scarred which in turn blocks the fallopian tubes. Interestingly, most women will not have any symptoms so often it goes undiagnosed in the initial stages.

Tubal issues

There are several ways by which the fallopian tubes can get damaged or blocked. The sperm cannot reach the eggs, and the fertilized egg is also unable to travel to the uterus. Sexually transmitted diseases, infection of the pelvis, and previous surgeries can cause a tubal blockage.


The development of uterine fibroids is another common issue that can be a hurdle for pregnancy. Usually, the masses of muscular tissues form on the wall of the uterus. It directly affects the implantation of the fertilized egg. Depending on their location, fibroids can cause various problems. For instance, those near the endometrial lining will lead a woman to have abnormally heavy periods and other pregnancy-related issues like a miscarriage.

Treatment of infertility

Several factors are taken into account before the treatment initiates. The age, cause of infertility, the period of infertility, and the lifestyle are some of the vital considerations. Fertility experts resort to these treatments mentioned below.

Stimulating drugs

Certain drugs can enhance the ovulation procedure. The fertility drugs are designated to work like the hormones for initiating the ovulation. The process is also widely used in women who look forward to encouraging good quality eggs. Clomiphene citrate, Gonadotropins, Metformin,  Letrozole, and Bromocriptine are some of the common drugs used for this purpose.

Surgical procedure

In some instances, the mere administration of fertility drugs is unable to eradicate the root cause of infertility. Surgical interference becomes mandatory then. However, these have become rare at present, since fertility experts can solve the issue with the help of other treatment methodologies. If surgery is the only option, the Laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery and tubal surgeries are performed.

Assisted Reproductive Therapies

The ART (Assisted Reproductive Therapies) are widely being used as the best treatment for infertility. The procedure involves collecting mature eggs, fertilizing them with the partner’s sperm in a lab and then implanting them back to the uterus of the woman.  The breakthrough innovations in the field of medicine have made this one of the most sought methods for treating infertility.